lead10Bauhaus, also known as the International Style, came to Tel Aviv in the Thirties. It was brought to Israel by former students of The Bauhaus School of Arts, Design and Architecture in Weimar, Germany. Influenced by Cubism, structural forms, and functionality, the school’s architects built modern, clean-cut buildings all over the city. Angel Cutsforth took a look around the city.

Arieh Sharon, Dov Carmi, Zeev Rechter, Pinchas Hueth, Josef Neufeld, Genia Averbuch, Richard Kauffmann and Erich Mendelsohn are just some of the architects who contributed to the local abundance of Bauhaus architecture. Between the First and Second World Wars, there was a great building momentum in Tel Aviv, mainly because of the growing waves of immigration from Europe

Most of  Tel Aviv’s Bauhaus buildings are painted white in order to reflect the middle eastern heat, which is how Tel Aviv came to be known as ‘The White City’.

The buildings are designed in a modernist style with very little decoration and a focus on clean lines. Many houses have balconies built into the façade of the building in order to allow shade from the balconies above to keep the houses cool, and also to make the outside of the building clean and smooth.

Flat roofs are common place as the roof was meant to be the meeting place for all of the residents in the building. Cubism, vertical and horizontal lines with asymmetry are commonplace in Bauhaus buildings, while vertical elements usually denote the staircase

1 2